Glossary

ABAApplied Behavior Analysis – Acronym commonly used by adherents of some behavioral techniques to refer to a kind of careful analysis and tracking of behavior including its cues and consequences.
ABCAntecedents-Behavior-Consequences
ADAAmericans with Disabilities Act – USA law that ensures rights of persons with disabilities with regard to employment and other issues.
ADDAttention Deficit Disorder
ADHDAttention Deficit Hyperactivity Disorder
ADIAutism Diagnosis Interview – A diagnostic scale for autism being developed by the Medical Research Council in London
ADOSAutism Diagnostic Observation Scale
AITAuditory Integration Training
ANCAutism National Committee (organization)
ANDIAutism Network for Dietary Intervention
APDAuditory Processing Disorder
AphasiaLoss of ability to use or understand words
ApraxiaA neurologically based disorder which occurs in adults, often (but not exclusively) as a consequence of stroke. The person has difficult sequencing movements in the service of a goal (ex: he may have the ability to raise his arm and wave his hand, but not when he consciously intendes to do so) apraxia may be specific to speech (e.g., “apraxia of speech”) or to the movement of other body parts (e.g., “limb apraxia”).
ApraxicHaving to do with apraxia or a person with apraxia
ARIAutism Research Institute
ARRIAutism Research Review International
ASAsperger’s Syndrome/Autism Spectrum
ASAAutism Society of America
ASDAutism Spectrum Disorder
ASLAmerican Sign Language
AspieA person with Asperger’s Syndrome
Atypical autismA general term for conditions that are close to but don’t quite fit the set of conditions of autism or other specific conditions.
Augmentative communicationCommunication augmented by a device
AutieA person with Autism
Autistic savantAn autistic individual who displays incredible aptitude for one or two skills
Autistic Spectrum DisordersTerm that encompasses autism and similar disorders. More specifically, the following five disorders listed in DSM-IV: Autistic Disorder, Asperger’s Disorder, PDD-NOS, Childhood Disintegrative Disorder, and Rett’s Disorder.
AversivesBehavioral methods employing punishment rather than positive reinforcement
BBBBlood Brain Barrier (envelope that surrounds the brain)
BCBABoard Certified Behavior Analyst
BCABABoard Certified Assistant Behavior Analyst
BDBehavioral Disorder
BICBehavior Improvement Class
BIPBehavior Improvement Plan
CANCure Autism Now (organization)
CAPDCentral Auditory Processing Disorder
CARSChildhood Autism Rating Scale – a test developed at TEACCH to diagnose autism. The child is rated in 15 areas on a scale up to 4 yielding a total up to 60, ranges are considered to be non-autistic, autistic, and severely autistic.
CCFCommunity Care Facility
CDCeliac Disease
CDCCenters for Disease Control (US Government Agency)
CFCasein Free
CHATChecklist for Autism in Toddlers (diagnostic tool) – A checklist used by General Practitioners at 18 months to see if a child has autism.
CLOCod Liver Oil
ClusterTerm used to label an unusually large number of occurrences of a disease or condition in one place. An “autism cluster” would be an unusually large number of cases of autism in (perhaps) a single locality. Clusters constitute evidence in the search for causes of diseases and conditions.
Communications notebookA notebook sent with a student (typically a special education student or young student) to and from school by which parents and teachers maintain (possibly) daily communication
CPCerebral Palsy
CPSChild Protective Services
DAN!Defeat Autism Now! (Conferences, protocols set up by ARI under Richard Rimland)
DAN DoctorA physician who uses the DAN Protocol to diagnose autism
DAN ProtocolAn assessment protocol that examines the underlying disorders causing autism
DASDevelopmental Apraxia of Speech
DCDDevelopment Coordination Disorder
DDDevelopmentally Delayed
Discrete trial methodsTerm used for some behavioral methods (e.g., the Lovaas Method)
DHDevelopmentally Handicapped
DHHDeaf and Hard of Hearing
DMAEDimethyl Aminoethanol
DMGDimethylgycine
DSMDisability Statistical Manual (catalog of medical diagnoses)
DSM-IIIDiagnostic Statistical Manual (edition III)
DSM-IVDiagnostic Statistical Manual (edition IV-current version of this publication)
DSMRDiagnostic Statistical Manual-Revised
DSSDepartment of Social Services
DTTDiscrete Trial Training – Lovaas’s ABA-ased method for treating children with autism
DXDiagnosed
DyspraxiaTerm for a neurological symptom: a problem with “praxis” (i.e., planning, initiating, sequencing, and carrying out volitional movements.
ECGElectrocardiogram
EcholaliaRepeating back something said to you. Delayed Echolalia is repeating it later. Both behaviors are found in many autistics. Functional Echolalia is using a quoted phrase in a way that has shared meaning. (ex: a child who sings the Barney jingle to ask for a Barney video tape, or says “get your shoes and socks” to ask to go outside>)
EDEmotionally Disturbed
EEGElectroencephalogram – A test consisting of recording brainwaves as picked up by electrodes. It is used to identify seizures. It is also used to differentiate LKS from other disorders in people with autistic symptoms
EFAEssential Fatty Acids (ex: omega3,6, 9… necessary for proper brain development)
EIEarly Intervention
ELAPEarly Learning Accomplishment Profile (evaluation tool)
EMFElectro Magnetic Field (i.e., in computer monitors)
ESYExtended School Year
FAPEFree Appropriate Public Education
FASFetal Alcohol Syndrome
FCFacilitated Communication
FCTFacilitated Communication Training
FDAFood and Drug Administration
FEATFamilies for Early Autism Treatment (organization)
GARSGillam Autism Rating Scale
GFGluten-Free
GFCFGluten-Free/Casein-Free (Gluten is wheat/Casein is dairy)
GIGastrointestinal Tract
GSEGrape Seed Extract (i.e., Kirkman Labs product)
HFAHigh-Functioning Autism
HyperlexiaThe ability to read at an early age, sometimes without linking the words to what the words mean
HypotoniaLow muscle tone
IBSIrritable bowel syndrome
ICFImmediate Care Facility
IDEAIndividuals with Disabilities Act – a US Law mandating the “Free and Public Education of all persons with disabilities between the ages of 3 and 21.
IEPIndividual Education Plan
IFSPIndividualized Family Service Plan
IgGAn antibody involved in intraveneous immunoglobulin
IGIV or IgiVIntravenous immunoglobulin
InclusionMainstreaming
IVIgGIntravenous gamma globulin
IPPIndividual Program Plan
Ketogenic dietRestricted diet used to prevent epileptic seizures
LSCSWLicensed Clinical Social Worker
LDLearning Disabled
LFALow-Functioning Autistic
LKSLandau-Kleffner Syndrome
LovaasA type of behavioral therapy
LRELeast Restrictive Environment
LSHLanguage, Speech and Hearing Specialist
MainstreamingPlacement of a disabled child with non-disabled peers in a regular classroom
MRIMagnetic Resonance Imaging – A diagnostic tool in the sense of an X-ray machine or CAT Scanner which creates internal images of the selected body parts. Rather than sending X-rays through the body, it builds its image data by testing the magnetism of the body tissue.
MSDDMulti-System Developmental Disorder – Stanley Greenspan’s term for an autistic-like set of symptoms
NACN-AACETYL-CYSTEINE
NDFNDF is a chlorella-based product used for heavy metal and other sorts of detoxification. There are some stories of people having very bad reactions/side effects going this route and so if this one is selected, parents are advised to go slowly and follow directions closely. As with anything, check with your doctor first.
NeurolepticA class drug that included Haldol and Risperdal
NICHCYNational Information Center for Children and Youth with Disabilities
NIMGNational Institutes for Mental Health
NIHNational Institute of Health (US Government agency)
NOSNot Otherwise Specified
NTNeurotypical (i.e., normal)
NVICNational Vaccine Information Center
OCDObsessive Compulsive Disorder
OCROffice of Civil Rights
OcytocinA neurotransmitter
ODDOppositional Defiant Disorder
OLEOlive Leaf Extract
OTOccupational Therapist
OTCOver the Counter (non-prescription)
PANDASPediatric Autoimmune Disorders Associated With Strep
PDDPervasive Development Disorder
PDD-NOSPervasive Development Disorder-Not Otherwise Specified
PECSPicture Exchange Communication System
PEPPsycho-Educational Profile
PEP-RPsycho-Educational Profile Revised – a test designed to assess the presence of autism and point toward treatment strategies and some areas of need
PerseverationObsessive-like continued immediate repetition of behavior
PicaIngestion of nonfood items
PMAPhenylmercuric Acetate (contains mercury; used in a lot of everyday products)
PMNPhenylmercuric Nitrate (contains mercury; used in a lot of everyday products)
PRTPivotal Response Training
PTPhysical Therapy
RDHRegistered Dental Hygienist
RxPrescription Medication
SASSpecialized Autism Services
SecretinA hormone used to diagnose digestive problems
SensorimotorPertaining to brain activity other than automatic functions (respiration, circulation, sleep) or cognition. Sensorimotor activity includes voluntary movement and senses like sight, touch and hearing.
SerotoninA neurotransmitter (i.e., brain chemical) that plays a part in communication within the nervous system.
S/LSpeech/Language
SISensory Integration
SIBSelf-Injurious Behavior
SLPSpeech Language Pathologist
SITSensory Integration Therapy
SSI-DCSupplemental Security Income-Disabled Child
SSRISelective Serotonin Reuptake Inhibitors (These include Paxil, Prozac, Zoloft etc. Consult with your doctor before using GFSE if on any medication!)
STIMshort for “self-stimulation”, a term for behaviors whose sole purpose appears to be to stimulate ones own senses.
TEACCHTreatment and Education of Autistic and Related Communication of Handicapped Children
TOMTheory of Mind
TSTourette Syndrome
VOICEVaccination Options Information Coalition Education (US Autism Ambassador’s Vaccine Info Site)

Hope Center for Autism
2751 Green Oaks Rd | Fort Worth, TX 76116

Phone: (817) 560-1139
Fax: (817) 560-7039

Office Hours:
Monday-Thursday 8:30am - 5:30pm
Friday 8:30am - 3:30pm